What does a gynecologist do?
Within medicine there are several specialties, dedicated to a body system or a specific type of diseases. One of these specialties is gynecology, which is responsible for women’s health, in terms of their reproductive and urinary functions, as well as in the first periods of pregnancy. It is generally combined with the study of obstetrics, which is the branch of medicine that is responsible for the study of women’s health during pregnancy.
What is a gynecologist?
A gynecologist is a doctor specializing in all aspects of the pelvic organs of women, specifically in their reproductive organs. This study also includes, due to its proximity, the urinary organs, as a possible source of infections or diseases related to reproductive health; The diseases of the urinary system are treated by a urologist.
When the gynecologist also takes care of the health of pregnant women in all stages, even after delivery, applies the branch of medicine called obstetrics, since it is common in most universities, gynecology-obstetrics, are taught as a single medical specialty.
In the United States, so that a doctor can obtain the specialty of obstetric-gynecology, he must study 4 years of general medicine, and later another 4 years of the specialty. Once the specialization is finished, you must pass an exam with which your knowledge will be evaluated and you will be granted a certification and registration as a practitioner of this branch of medicine.
What are the most common causes of consultation?
There are many reasons why a woman may need to visit a gynecologist, however, some of the most common reasons are menstruation, fertility problems, pregnancy, family planning and menopause.
Some diseases that are also commonly treated by gynecologists are irregular periods, polycystic ovary syndrome, benign conditions of the reproductive tract, urinary and fecal incontinence, premalignant conditions and cancers that can affect the female reproductive system as well as the breasts.
At what age should I go to the gynecologist and why?
Although previously it was thought that only large women should go to the gynecologist, nowadays it is recommended that girls visit it as soon as they enter adolescence or when they have their menarche (their first menstruation), around 13 or 15 years of age , and from that age it is recommended that you visit once a year for a review.
In this way not only can several diseases be prevented, but a closer relationship can also be created, so that the adolescent or woman can feel more comfortable with the doctor and can express all their doubts and concerns.
It is also advisable to go if there are symptoms or discomforts that are strange or that concern the patient, such as abnormal bleeding, some type of pain, inflammation or pruritus (itching), whether vulvar, vaginal or pelvic.
Another advantage of this, is that in this way the doctor has the opportunity to support the patient and guide her through advice, in order to maintain good health, as well as having a medical history that can help in case of some diseases .
It is normal that young women have some concern at the time of going to the gynecologist, however, it is important to clarify that the suggestions or treatments that are given vary greatly depending on each case.
As you can see the gynecologist plays a very important role when it comes to maintaining the health of a woman, for that reason it is of great importance to regularly attend a preventive check with a qualified gynecologist.