What does a urologist do?
The urologist is a specialist who is dedicated to treating diseases that are related to the urinary tract and the male reproductive system. For this reason it is normal for the urologist to treat health problems that are related to the prostate, epididymis, penis, seminal vesicles and testicles.
Who is a urologist?
A urologist is a doctor who specializes in diseases of the urinary system and the male reproductive organs. Like the other medical specialties, a doctor must study 4 years of general medicine, to then specialize in urology, during another similar period of 4 years (according to the curricula of the United States).
What are the most frequent reasons for consultation?
In fact, there are many diseases for which a general practitioner may suggest going to a urologist, the vast majority related to infections or symptoms that affect urinary functions. In addition, in the case of men, since the reproductive organs are connected and several parts are common with the urinary system, the urologist also addresses the conditions of the male reproductive system. Some of the most common causes of urological care are the following:
Incontinence. Incontinence is a urinary problem, in which the control of the bladder muscles that help to retain urine is lost, so there are involuntary losses. It can be transient or permanent, produced by infections or blows.
Renal problems. Another thing a urologist is treating is kidney damage. One of the signs of kidney disease can be swelling in the hands and ankles of people, can also cause high blood pressure and if the kidney damage is very serious, can not eliminate toxins from the body, can cause death .
Urinary infections. Although this problem usually affects women more, it is also common for men to suffer from it. Some of the symptoms are nausea, pain or burning when urinating, incontinence, vomiting, fever and chills.
Infertility There are several causes that can generate male infertility, however some of the most common problems are sperm disorders, reproductive tract damage and varicoceles, which is a problem in which a vein that is under the penis, It’s too big.
Urological oncology. The urologist is also dedicated to perform various treatments against cancer whenever it is in the urinary system or in the male reproductive system, such as bladder cancer and prostate cancer.
Bladder prolapse. It is a problem that occurs when the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor are no longer able to support the internal organs that are on the pelvis. This causes the bladder to be unable to hold correctly and bend, causing the urine to leak out.
Enlarged prostate. This is a more common problem than it seems, it is estimated that about 1 in 3 men over 50 suffer from this problem. Due to the exaggerated growth of the cells that are in the prostate gland, the urethra contracts, which ends up developing urination problems; If this problem is not treated, prostate cancer may occur.
Erectile dysfunction. It is a problem in which the penis does not become capable of having enough rigidity to be able to have sexual relations fully. It can be caused by various causes, so it is considered a symptom that can lead to other types of problems.
When should I visit the urologist?
Some urinary problems appear during a general review. Depending on the case, it is most common for the urologist to review the notes left by the doctor who referred him. In addition to this, he will ask questions to know more about the patient’s medical history.
If you feel some pain or discomfort when urinating, pain in your lower waist, feeling of heaviness, difficulty urinating, or on the contrary, incontinence, frequent urination, and if you are a man, have problems with your sexual organs, then it is necessary go to a urologist.
It is normal that during the consultation, and depending on the condition that the patient has, the doctor will perform a physical examination, as well as request some laboratory tests. The treatment that is followed at the end, will vary depending on the needs of each patient and the diagnosis that is had.
Now you know that the work of a urologist is very important to maintain the good health of men. Remember to see a qualified doctor whenever you feel any unusual symptoms or concerns about your health.